Saturday, 18 November 2017

New Book | India as a Pioneer of Innovation | ed by H Singh, A Padmanabhan, and E Emanuel

India as a Pioneer of Innovation
Edited by Harbir Singh, Ananth Padmanabhan, and Ezekiel Emanuel, Oxford University Press, 2017, ISBN: 9780199476084.

Overview
What does innovation mean to and in India? What are the predominant sites of activity where Indians innovate, and under what situations do they work or fail? This book addresses these all-important questions arising within diverse Indian contexts: informal economy, low-cost settings, large business groups, entertainment and copyright industries, an evolving pharma sector, a poorly organized and appallingly underfunded public health system, social enterprises for the urban poor, and innovations-for-the-millions. Its balanced perspective on India's promises and failings makes it a valuable addition for those who believe that India's future banks heavily on its ability to leapfrog using innovation, as well as those sceptical of the Indian state's belief in the potential of private enterprise and innovation. It also provides critical insights on innovation in general, the most important of which being the highly context-specific, context-driven character of the innovation project.

Highlights
Offers insights on diverse contexts across which innovation happens in India, including business, health, policy, entertainment, and the informal economy.
Discusses how traditional notions of innovation have been reshaped in the Indian context.
Includes contributions from experts across various fields.

Table of Contents
Introduction
1: Historical Perspectives on Innovation in Indian Business, Claude Markovits
2: Innovation in the Informal Economy of Mofussil India, Barbara Harris-White
4: Innovation in Indian Business Groups, Prashant Kale and Harbir Singh
5: From 'Pharmacy' to 'Laboratory': The Global Biologics Revolution and the Indian Bio-Pharmaceutical Industry, Chirantan Chatterjee and Shreekanth Mahendiran
6: Fair Use and Fair Dealing: Two Approaches to Limitations and Exceptions in Copyright Law, Shyamkrishna Balganesh and David Nimmer
7: Innovations in the Organisation of Public Health Services for Rural and Remote Parts of India, Sundararaman Thiagarajan and Rajani Ved
8: India as a Hub of Innovation for the Millions (I4M), Vijay Mahajan
9: Market-Based Solutions for Poverty Reduction in India, Brian English

Friday, 27 October 2017

New Book | A Biography of Innovations: From Birth to Maturity | by R. Gopalakrishnan

A Biography of Innovations: From Birth to Maturity
by R. Gopalakrishnan, Penguin India, 2017, ISBN 9780670089895.

Overview
R. Gopalakrishnan, the bestselling author of The Case of the Bonsai Manager, explores how concepts turn into ideas, which then become prototypes, models and products. Defining thought as the ancestor of innovation; as without thought, there could be no innovation, he explores the impending questions such as - What happens next? How can you take on challenges and keep your ideas relevant? The Biography of Innovation is the definitive book on the life cycle of new ideas and transformations.

About the Author
R. Gopalakrishnan has been a professional manager for forty-two years. He has a wealth of practical managerial experience, initially in Unilever and more recently in Tata. He has lived and worked in India, the UK and Saudi Arabia, and has travelled extensively all over the world. He began his career in 1967 as a computer analyst with Hindustan Lever after studying physics in Kolkata and electronic engineering at IIT Kharagpur. He has attended the Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School. He worked initially in computer software, later in marketing, before moving to general management. During his Unilever career, he was based in Jeddah as chairman of the Arabian subsidiary; later, he was managing director, Brooke Bond Lipton India and then vice chairman of Hindustan Lever. He has been president of the All India Management Association. Currently, he is executive director, Tata Sons, based in Mumbai. He also serves on the boards of other companies. He is married with three children. 

Sunday, 22 October 2017

New Books in National Policy of India Series | by Dr Shalini Sikka

New Books in National Policy of India Series

Education and Human Resource Development: Public Policy & Governance in India
by Shalini Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059592. 

About the Book: The essence of Human Resource Development is education, which plays a significant and remedial role in balancing the socio-economic fabric of the country. This book incorporates the original texts, in verbatim, of a select national government policies and programmes of India. It contains legislative measures and national programmes towards creating a better India enacted in the field of Human Resource Development. For the first time, to fulfill the long-felt need of the students, researchers, policy-planners, civil servants, administrators, this book is being brought out as a ready reference material, to be used alongwith the existing textbooks on public policy and administration. 


Women Empowerment: Public Policy & Governance in India
by Shalini Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059608. 

About the Book: The policies/ programmes of the Government of India are all directed towards achieving inclusive growth with a special focus on women, in line with the National Policy for essence of Empowerment of Women. This book incorporates the original texts, in verbatim, of a select national government policies and programmes of India. It contains legislative measures and national programmes towards creating a better India. 

 
Social Justice, Health and Empowerment: Public Policy & Governance in India
by Shalini Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059677. 

About the Book: This book, towards building a better India, incorporates the original texts, in verbatim, of a select national government policies and programmes of India.

Child Development: Public Policy & Governance in India
by Shalini Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059691. 

About the Book: National Policy for Children, adopted by the Government of India in 2013, reaffirms the rights of children in the country. This book incorporates the original texts, in verbatim, of a select national government policies and programmes of India. It contains special legislative measures, national policies and programmes towards creating a better India.

Upliftment of Minorities: Public Policy & Governance in India
by Shalini Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059684. 

About the Book: The Government of India has made concerted efforts for the past six decades of so towards the educational development and employment and empowerment of the weaker sections of the society to enable them to join the mainstream of the socio-economic development. This book incorporates the original texts, in verbatim, of a select national government policies and programmes of India. It contains special legislative measures, national policies and programmes towards creating a better India.

Friday, 13 October 2017

New Book | National Industrial Policy of India: New Initiatives of the Government, Public Policy & Governance in India | by Dr Pawan Sikka

New Book

National Industrial Policy of India: New Initiatives of the Government, Public Policy & Governance in India
by Pawan Sikka, 2017, Synergy Books India, ISBN 9789382059660. 

About the Book
National policies, strategies and promotional measures adopted earlier in the 20th century by the Government, since the last industrial policy was enacted in 1991, for the industrial growth in India cannot now deliver the meaningful results, import and export targets, economic growth parameters, etc. in the 21st century. The introduction of ICT (information and communication technology) as well as the new initiatives of the Government, i.e., Make in India, Skill India, Start-Ups, Digital India, etc. besides the enactment of Goods and Service Tax (GST) Bill 2016/17 have further enhanced desires of meeting the rising expectations and challenges of the domestic and foreign markets of "Make in India" products. 
A need has been emphasized in this book "National Industrial Policy of India: New Initiatives of the Government, Public Policy & Governance in India", for the early formulation and enactment of a new National Industrial Policy, say in 2017, with a forward looking approach, towards catching-up of the new and emerging scenarios of the industrial developments in India and abroad in the millennium.

About the Author
Dr. Pawan Sikka (b. 1944) is a former Scientist-G/ Adviser, Government of India, Ministry/Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, where he served in various senior positions, during 1974-2004. He received his M.Sc., PhD as well as D.Sc. degrees in Physics and Fellowship (Science Policy Studies), University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. He is also a recipient of UNESCO, Italian, German and Swiss government scholarships for pursuing further studies there. He is best known for his contributions to Science Policy studies, in India and abroad. He is a life member of the Semiconductor Society of India, Materials Research Society of India, Association of British Scholars, and Oxford and Cambridge Society of India.

Call for Applications: STEPS Summer School on Pathways to Sustainability | 14-25 May 2018, at IDS, U.K.

STEPS Summer School on Pathways to Sustainability
14-25 May 2018, United Kingdom

Applications are invited for the next annual STEPS Summer School on Pathways to Sustainability on 14-25 May 2018.

APPLY
Application is via an online form. The deadline is 5 pm GMT on Sunday 28 January 2018


ABOUT THE SUMMER SCHOOL
The Summer School brings together highly-motivated doctoral and postdoctoral researchers, working in fields around development studies, science and technology studies, innovation and policy studies, and across agricultural, health, urban, water or energy issues. The aim is to explore theories, ideas, research methods and practical applications of STEPS thinking on pathways to sustainability.
The venue is the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, near Brighton, UK. Through a mix of lectures, walks, discussions and public events, participants challenge the STEPS team and each other on questions of science, society and development. The school has run since 2012 with the generous support of the ESRC, IDRC and UKIERI. The fee is £1000 GBP – some scholarships are available.

Download the Brochure: STEPS Summer School 2018 (PDF)

TESTIMONIALS
STEPS Summer school 2017 testimonials
  • "A great way to expand your network as a PhD student and find like-minded people who I hope to keep in touch with and work with the future." 2017 participant
  • "I can honestly say it has been the best 2 weeks of the PhD so far. To be in such an amazing, supportive and inspiring group has been fantastic" 2016 participant
  • "Wonderful opportunity. A fantastic group of participants, and the very knowledgable faculty treated us as colleagues on this journey towards sustainable pathways together." 2014 participant
  • "Beautiful to have 24 nations in the same room thinking and discussing global to local issues!" 2013 participant
  • "I liked the fact that it really was an open space in which everyone's (teachers AND students) ideas and experiences could be shared and critically engaged with."  2012 participant
HOW IT WORKS
The Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is the main venue. IDS is on the edge of the Sussex University campus, set in the middle of rolling countryside but with good transport links to Brighton. The programme includes lectures and discussions, 'walkshops' – longer discussions held on walks through the surrounding area – and social events. The Summer School also includes some time in smaller groups, where participants get to reflect and discuss their own work, led and mentored by members of the STEPS Centre. The discussion in these groups goes towards a mini-conference, planned and run by participants themselves, with support from the STEPS team.

Friday, 22 September 2017

STIP Lecture "Sustainable Development: Role of Science, Technology and Innovation" by Dr R Chidambaram, chaired by Dr Harsh Vardhan | IHC, 26 September, 7:00 pm

You are cordially invited to the First Lecture under 
Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy (STIP) Forum Lecture Series
(a collaborative initiative of RIS, TERI, CSE, CEFIPRA and IHC)
on
"Sustainable Development: Role of Science, Technology and Innovation"
by
Dr. R. Chidambaram 
Principal Scientific Advisor, Government of India & DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor

Chair: Dr. Harsh Vardhan
Hon'ble Minister of Science & Technology, Earth Sciences & Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Date: 26 September 2017, Tuesday | Time: 7.00 PM

Venue: Gulmohar Hall, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi (Entry from Gate No.2)


About the Speaker: Dr. R. Chidambaram is the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India and Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet. He is also a Member of the Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change, Chairman of the High-Level Committee for the National Knowledge Network and a member of the Space Commission. Dr. Chidambaram is one of India's distinguished experimental physicists and he has made outstanding contributions to many aspects of basic science and nuclear technology. Dr. Chidambaram has been awarded the Padma Shri in 1975 and Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India, in 1999. 

About the Chair: Dr Harsh Vardhan, at present Minister of Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India, was a practicing ENT surgeon before entering public life in 1993. He took over as Minister for Science &Technology and Earth Sciences in November 2014. He is committed to set a roadmap for the implementation of the "Make in India" programme by building a robust R&D infrastructure and promoting synergies between industry and scientific research institutions. The World Health Organisation recognised his contribution to society and awarded him the Director-General's Commendation Medal at a prestigious function held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil, in May 1998.

About the Series: Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) Forum has been initiated with the objective of promoting debate on various aspects of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy. The STIPF will go beyond the disciplinary boundaries by taking into account the intersectionality of Science & Technology and Innovation. It will also bridge the gap between the science and society for dissemination of scientific achievements as well as for generalising debate of societal aspirations and promoting responsible research and innovations. 

RSVP: Dr. K Ravi Srinivas/Mr. Tish Malhotra, Tel.: 011-24682176, Email: ravisrinivas[@]ris.org.in, dgoffice[@]ris.org.in


Competition for PostDocs during the Annual Meeting of Lifesciences Switzerland

Competition for PostDocs during the Annual Meeting of Lifesciences Switzerland

Call for applications to the "PIs of Tomorrow: The Future of Swiss Research" session at the next LS2 Annual Meeting 2018, taking place in Lausanne, Switzerland12-13 February. This session offers postdocs interested in an academic career an opportunity to present a talk similar in format to a professorship application interview. Selected participants will have the chance to get a slot for a 15-minute scientific presentation, which should be addressed to a broad audience and in which both the achievements accomplished and the proposed future scientific activities are to be explained. If selected, travel and accommodation fees will be paid by the LS2 organisation.


Frugality and Cross-Sectoral Policymaking for Food Security | by Bhaduri, Sinha, & Knorringa

Frugality and Cross-Sectoral Policymaking for Food Security
by Saradindu Bhaduri, Kinsuk Mani Sinha & Peter Knorringa, NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.njas.2017.08.002. 

Abstract: The growing concerns about food security, especially in the disadvantaged regions of the world, often point out the inadequacies of strictly sectoral approaches to addressing the problems of agriculture. Such policy approaches coincided with the rise of a global, top-down, formal, science-driven development of agriculture. Over time, such interventions have drawn criticism from multiple corners as inadequately addressing the need for local variation in institutional contexts. The objective of this paper is to adopt a bottom-up perspective to address the need for cross-sectorality in food security policies. Sustainable Rural Livelihood (SRL) and Grassroots Innovation (GI) are two well recognized schools of thought which emphasize the cross-sectoral approaches to livelihood and local level problem-solving. By embracing a frugality lens, we can offer a conceptual regularity in the patterns of behaviour and decision-making highlighted by the SRL and GI schools of thought. Taking a step further, the frugality lens, by focusing on the usefulness of a decision in the actual environment, emphasizes the need to diagnose local institutions better. Note, however, that the contention of the current paper is not to posit 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' as two competing paradigms. It only argues that a frugality lens helps us to better appreciate the strengths of a bottom-up approach for effective policy formulation, an appreciation of which would promote a dignified marriage between the two perspectives.

Highlights:- The need for a cross sectoral policymaking is suggested to better achieve food security in local contexts. Frugality thinking in policymaking is an important way to achieve such cross-sectorality. Frugality can offer a theoretical framework for discourses on grassroots innovations and Sustainable Rural Livelihood. A frugality lens can ensure diagnosis of local institutions needed for policymaking. Two Kenyan cases were discussed as an illustration.


Thursday, 21 September 2017

Report of the Symposium on SDGs, Knowledge and Democracy: Re-imagining Purposes and Opportunities, held at SNU, Greater Noida

Report of the Symposium on SDGs, Knowledge and Democracy: Re-imagining Purposes and Opportunities, organized at Shiv Nadar University (SNU), Greater Noida, U.P., by SHSS, SNU, and CSSP, Jawaharlal Nehru University, during 16-17 January 2017. Report was prepared by Rajeswari S. Raina, SHSS, SNU, March 2017.

Thursday, 7 September 2017

Call for Applications: NITTTR-ITEC Advanced Certificate Course on Modern Library Practices at NITTTR, Chennai, India

NITTTR-ITEC Advanced Certificate on Modern Library Practices 

Where: National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR), Chennai, India

When: 29th November 2017 to 23rd January 2018 (8 Weeks)

Aims of the Course: To develop appropriate competencies and skills of Library and Information Faculty/ Professionals in the digital era - streamlining library processes, promoting and enhancing reading habits among the users - Managing and developing web / traditional resource collections, services and facilities.

Eligibility Criteria for Participants: Applicants for this course must be: Faculty in Library and Information Science or practicing library professionals; completed a diploma / degree in Library and Information Science or equivalent; Minimum of two years experience in teaching / administration of Library; Good proficiency in English; Preferably not more than 45 years. 

Allowances: The Programme covers return travel of the participants between his/her home country and India, accommodation, etc., as per the rules governing ITEC/SCAAP Programme of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. Further details can be viewed from the ITEC website: www.itec.mea.gov.in

Participation: Only applicants from the least-developed countries (LDCs)/ developing countries will be selected. 

Further Details and Application LinkCourse Brochure | ITEC Website | Also Visit the Website of Indian Mission in Your Country

Call for Applications: RIS-ITEC Programmes on South-South Coopeartion Courses at RIS, New Delhi


RIS-ITEC Programmes on South-South Coopeartion Courses at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi:
  • Science Diplomacy | 8-19 January 2018 | Last date for submission of Application Form to Indian Missions: 31 December 2017
  • Learning South-South Cooperation | Last date for submission of Application Form to Indian Missions: 12 November 2017
  • International Economic Issues and Development Policy (IEIDP) | 12 February to 9 March 2018 | Last date for submission of Application Form to Indian Missions: 15 January 2018

Allowances: The Programmes cover return travel of the participants between his/her home country and India, accommodation, living allowance, book allowance etc., as per the rules governing ITEC/SCAAP Programme of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. Further details can be viewed from the ITEC website: www.itec.mea.gov.in

Participation: Only applicants from the least-developed countries (LDCs)/ developing countries will be selected. 

Sunday, 3 September 2017

AJIP Papers "Inclusive Innovation in India: Contemporary Landscape" & "Inclusive Innovation in India: Historical Roots" | by VV Krishna

Inclusive Innovation in India: Contemporary Landscape
by Venni V Krishna, Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, 2017, 6(1): 1-22.
Abstract: The essence of inclusive innovation is to serve poor, marginalized and underprivileged sections of society to improve their livelihoods and enable them to climb up the socio-economic ladder. In this article, we explore the contemporary Indian landscape. There is a diversity of institutions and institutional approaches, multiple methodologies and goals in promoting inclusive innovations in this landscape. There are grassroots innovation institutions. All these institutions and groups have demonstrated how to improve the living conditions of poor people and enhance their income. They have developed different methodologies of inclusive innovation to intervene, build capacities and capabilities of poor people towards bridging informal and formal sectors of economy. Indian landscape can now boast of some successful models and a "social laboratory" for inclusive innovation. The challenge, however, remains to replicate and multiply these models to impact other sectors of Indian informal economy.
Keywords: Inclusive innovation, inclusive growth, contemporary landscape, grass roots innovation, organizational innovation, Barefoot College, demystifying technology, White Revolution.



Inclusive Innovation in India: Historical Roots
by Venni V Krishna, Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, 2017, 6(2): 170-191.
Abstract: Inclusive innovation refers to different types and forms of innovation activities or performance by which we can get more for lesser cost and which could cater and meet the needs and demands of more people. The essence of inclusive innovation is to help poor, marginalized and underprivileged sections of society to improve their livelihoods and enable them to climb up the socio-economic ladder. In the current phase of economic slowdown, increasing unemployment and inequalities, World Bank, OECD and various governments are turning towards inclusive innovation as a new source of optimism or even as a new innovation strategy. Whilst it is being reframed or packaged as a novel or a new strategy, one can trace its historical roots to the AT movement and the Gandhian ideas of economy and society in the 1940s and 1950s. These ideas have inspired and influenced a range of individuals, institutions and civil society groups in inclusive innovation.
Keywords: Inclusive innovation, inclusive growth, grass roots innovation, Barefoot College, demystifying technology, White Revolution.

Saturday, 2 September 2017

New Report | Greening the Grid: Pathways to Integrate 175 Gigawatts of Renewable Energy into India's Electric Grid, Vol. I - National Study

Greening the Grid: Pathways to Integrate 175 Gigawatts of Renewable Energy into India's Electric Grid, Vol. I - National Study

by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (USA), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (USA), Power System Operation Corporation Ltd. (India), and the United States Agency for International Development (USA), June 2017.

 

Abstract

The use of renewable energy (RE) sources, primarily wind and solar generation, is poised to grow significantly within the Indian power system. The Government of India has established a target of 175 gigawatts (GW) of installed RE capacity by 2022, including 60 GW of wind and 100 GW of solar, up from 29 GW wind and 9 GW solar at the beginning of 2017. Using advanced weather and power system modeling made for this project, the study team is able to explore operational impacts of meeting India's RE targets and identify actions that may be favorable for integration.

Our primary tool is a detailed production cost model, which simulates optimal scheduling and dispatch of available generation in a future year (2022) by minimizing total production costs subject to physical, operational, and market constraints. Our team comprises a core group from the Power System Operation Corporation, Ltd. (POSOCO), which is the national grid operator (with representation from the National, Southern, and Western Regional Load Dispatch Centers) under Ministry of Power, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), and a broader modeling team that includes Central Electricity Authority (CEA), POWERGRID (the central transmission utility, CTU), and State Load Dispatch Centers in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh. Our model includes high-resolution wind and solar data (forecasts and actuals), unique properties for each generator, CEA/CTU's anticipated buildout of the power system, and enforced state-to-state transmission flows.

Assuming the fulfillment of current efforts to provide better access to the physical flexibility of the power system, we find that power system balancing with 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind is achievable at 15-minute operational timescales with minimal RE curtailment. This RE capacity meets 22% of total projected 2022 electricity consumption in India with annual RE curtailment of 1.4%, in line with experiences in other countries with significant RE penetrations (Bird et. al. 2016). Changes to operational practice can further reduce the cost of operating the power system and reduce RE curtailment. Coordinating scheduling and dispatch over a broader area is the largest driver to reduce costs, saving INR 6300 crore (USD 980 million) annually when optimized regionally. Lowering minimum operating levels of coal plants (from 70% to 40%) is the biggest driver to reduce RE curtailment - from 3.5% down to 0.76%. In fact, this operating property is more influential than faster thermal generation ramp rates in lowering the projected levels of curtailment.

While this study does not answer every question relevant to planning for India's 2022 RE targets, it is an important step toward analyzing operational challenges and cost saving opportunities using state-of-the-art power system planning tools. Further analysis can build upon this basis to explore optimal renewable resource and intrastate transmission siting, system stability during contingencies, and the influence of total power system investment costs on customer tariffs.

 

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Study Scenarios, Assumptions, and Methodology

3 Customizing the Model for the Indian Context

4 Operational Impacts of 175 GW RE

5 Strategies to Improve RE Integration

6 Impacts of Other RE Targets on the Indian Power System

7 Conclusion

 

Download Full-text PDF (Free Access)

Further Details 


Thursday, 24 August 2017

Just Released | India: Three Year Action Agenda, 2017-18 to 2019-20 | by NITI Aayog, 2017

India: Three Year Action Agenda, 2017-18 to 2019-20
by NITI Aayog, New Delhi, 2017.

Preface
On 1st January 2015, the National Institution for Transforming India or NITI Aayog came into existence as the government's premier think tank. Subsequently, vide Office Order dated 09/05/2016 (Annexure 1), the Prime Minister's Office advised the NITI Aayog to prepare Fifteen Year Vision, Seven Year Strategy and Three Year Action Agenda documents. Accordingly, the present document is being published to recommend policy changes and programmes for action from 2017-18 to 2019-20, the last three years of the Fourteenth Finance Commission. A second document containing the Fifteen Year Vision and Seven Year Strategy is currently under preparation at the NITI Aayog.
The Vision, Strategy and Action Agenda exercise represents a departure from the Five Year Plan process, followed with a handful of discontinuities until the fiscal year 2016-17. The 12th Five Year Plan was the last of these plans. It has been felt that with an increasingly open and liberalized economy, we needed to rethink the tools and approaches to conceptualizing the development process. The proposed shift represents an important step in this direction. 
The Action Agenda has been prepared as an integral part of the exercise leading to the Vision and Strategy document. It has been fast tracked and released first, keeping in view that with the start of fiscal year 2016-17, it is of immediate relevance for policy implementation. Work on the Vision and Strategy document is already far advanced. 
The Three Year Action Agenda offers ambitious proposals for policy changes within a relatively short period. It is understood that while some may be fully implemented during the three-year period, implementation of others would continue into the subsequent years. Where relevant, we have included possible actions by the states to complement the efforts of the Centre. 
For holistic development, all ministries and departments must progress simultaneously and harmoniously. Therefore, as a roadmap for future progress, the Action Agenda attempts to cover nearly all aspects of the economy. Despite this wide coverage, an effort has been made to present all action points with the utmost clarity. To ensure that the document does not become unduly long, however, we have deliberately refrained from providing the detailed rationale for each proposed action. Where appropriate and necessary, we propose to undertake this latter task in the Vision and Strategy document.
The Action Agenda is the result of the hard work and efforts of a vast number of individuals and institutions. The NITI Aayog has been lucky to have three world-renowned scholars as its Members: Shri Bibek Debroy, Dr. V. K. Saraswat and Dr. Ramesh Chand. It also has a number of outstanding Advisers leading its work in different areas of policy. Working under the guidance of the Members, the Advisers and their teams prepared the core inputs that formed the backbone of the final document. I greatly appreciate the contributions of the Members, Advisers and their teams to the Action Agenda. 
Inputs were also sought and received from State Governments, Union Territories and Ministries of the Central Government. Extensive consultations were held with groups of scientists, economists, journalists, voluntary organisations, industry associations and experts in education, health, culture, transport and other fields. Many outside experts also provided extremely useful written inputs. Annexure 2 at the end of the document lists the outside experts exhaustively with the hope that I have not missed anyone. I sincerely thank the states, union territories, Ministries, outside experts and institutions for the gift of their ideas and time.
Shri Amitabh Kant, the Chief Executive Officer of the NITI Aayog, skilfully steered the entire process to its logical conclusion. The task simply could not have been completed without his leadership in navigating and guiding all those involved throughout the process. I am deeply appreciative of the energy and time he generously provided. 
A dedicated team of six talented young policy analysts, who recently joined the NITI Aayog, worked under my close direction to convert the inputs provided by the Advisers and outside experts into a unified document. They are: Chinmaya Goyal, Atisha Kumar, Urvashi Prasad, Vaibhav Kapoor, Rahul Ahluwalia and Devashish Dhar. This part of the exercise consisted of preparation of different chapters, fitting them into a single whole and revising the draft multiple times. The process also included several discussions lasting hours. Atisha and Chinmaya jointly performed the key functions of coordination and editing of the document throughout the process. It was a real pleasure for me working with this brilliant, energetic and enthusiastic team of young analysts. 
Pavithra Rangan oversaw the publication and production of the document. My office staff, headed by Dr. Prem Singh, provided critical logistical support. Prem not only saw to it that all went smoothly but also provided critical intellectual inputs at all stages of the work.
In draft form, the Action Agenda was circulated to all members of the Governing Council of the NITI Aayog at its third meeting on 23rd April 2017. Subsequently, several states and their Chief Ministers provided comments on that draft document. A concerted effort has been made to incorporate these inputs as well as the remarks made by the Chief Ministers at the Governing Council meeting in this final version.
It is hoped that the Three Year Action Agenda will help launch a new phase in our journey towards a New India.
Arvind Panagariya | Vice Chairman | New Delhi | 1 August 2017

Table of Contents
Preface
Chapter 1. Three Year Action Agenda: An Overview
Part I: Three-Year Revenue And Expenditure
Chapter 2. Context and Strategy
Chapter 3. Growth Outlook and Resource Envelope Forecasts
Chapter 4. Expenditure
Part II: Economic Transformation In Major Sectors
Chapter 5. Agriculture: Doubling Farmers' Incomes
Chapter 6. Trade, Industry and Services: Creating Well-Paid Jobs
Part III: Regional Development
Chapter 7. Urban Development
Chapter 8. Rural Transformation
Chapter 9. Regional Strategies
Part IV: Growth Enablers
Chapter 10. Transport and Connectivity
Chapter 11. Digital Connectivity
Chapter 12. Public Private Partnerships
Chapter 13. Energy
Chapter 14. Science and Technology
Chapter 15. Creating an Innovation Ecosystem
Part V: Government
Chapter 16. Governance
Chapter 17. Taxation Policy and Administration
Chapter 18. Pro-Competition Policies and Regulation
Chapter 19. The Rule of Law
Part VI: Social Sectors
Chapter 20. Education and Skill Development
Chapter 21. Health
Chapter 22. Towards Building a More Inclusive Society
Part VII: Sustainability
Chapter 23. Environment and Forests
Chapter 24. Sustainable Management of Water Resources

Friday, 11 August 2017

Call for Applications for ASEAN-India Research Training Fellowships (AIRTF) for ASEAN Researchers

Call for Applications for ASEAN-India Research Training Fellowships (AIRTF) for ASEAN Researchers


Supported by ASEAN-India Science & Technology Development Fund (AISTDF)


Objectives: The AIRTF scheme is a fellowship scheme with the following objectives:

  • To promote mobility of scientists and researchers from the ASEAN Member States to India and provide them opportunity to work at Indian R&D/ academic institutions to upgrade their research skills and expertise.
  • To facilitate exchange of information and contacts between the scientists and researchers of India and ASEAN Countries and create a network for building research collaborations.

As a spin-off, the Fellowship awardees may also have opportunity to get co-supervisors from India for their research projects for Ph.D. or Master's degree on their return to their home countries.


Number of Fellowships: Initially to start with 100 (One Hundred) Fellowships per year shall be awarded to young scientists and researchers from ASEAN Member States to get affiliated with Indian academic and R&D institutions. These Fellowships shall be equally distributed among ASEAN Member Country. Initially, 10 Fellowship shall be allocated for each ASEAN country. However, this number could be re-adjusted in accordance with the number of applicants from respective each ASEAN Member State.


Duration of Fellowship: The duration of the Fellowship will be for a period of up to six months. A minor variation in the duration would be allowed on recommendations of the Indian host Institute/ University depending upon the actual requirement of the research project as mutually agreed between the Fellowship holder and the Indian host institution.


Areas in Which Fellowships Are Available: The area/ topic of research for availing AIRTF must be ASEAN centric and must be aligned with the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science, Technology and Innovation (APASTI)-2016-2025. A copy of the APASTI is placed at Appendix-I. Fellowship will be offered for working in research topics under any of the following broad disciplines:

  • Science Policy / IPR Management / Technology Transfer & Commercialisation
  • Other multi-disciplinary areas of Science, Technology and Innovation in alignment with APASTI (e.g., Open Access Movement, Scientometrics, Open Science, Open Research Data, Open Innovation, Grassroots Innovation, etc.)

A suggestive list of Indian institutions along with the areas of research offered by them is enclosed as Annexure-I. The Centre for Studies in Science Policy (CSSP) of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is one of the research centres identified to host AIRTFs. For further information/ scientific collaboration please contact the undersigned.



Further Details | Annexure-I: List of Indian Institutions | Annexure-II - Application Form


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Dr. Anup Kumar Das 
Centre for Studies in Science Policy 
School of Social Sciences
Jawaharlal Nehru University 
New Delhi - 110067, India
Twitter: @AannuuppK | @IndiaSTS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Wednesday, 9 August 2017

CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science | Sao Paolo, Brazil | 4-15 December 2017

CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science
4-15 December 2017
ICTP-SAIFR, Sao Paolo, Brazil


About the CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science
What can justly be called the 'Data Revolution' offers many opportunities coupled with significant challenges. High among the latter is the need to develop the necessary data professions and data skills.  Researchers and research institutions worldwide recognise the need to promote data skills and we see short courses, continuing professional development and MOOCs providing training in data science and research data management.

In sum, this is because of the realisation that contemporary research – particularly when addressing the most significant, inter-disciplinary research challenges – cannot effectively be done without a range of skills relating to data.  These skills include the principles and practice of Open Science and research data management and curation, the use of a range of data platforms and infrastructures, large scale analysis, statistics, visualisation and modelling techniques, software development and annotation, etc, etc. The ensemble of these skills, we define as 'Research Data Science', that is the science of research data: how to look after and use the data that is core to your research.

The CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science has developed a short course, summer school, style curriculum that addresses these training requirements.  The course partners Software Carpentry (using the Shell command line and GitHub), Data Carpentry (using R and SQL) and the Digital Curation Centre (research data management and data management plans) and builds on materials developed by these organisations.  Also included in the programme are modules on Open Science, ethics, visualisation, machine learning (recommender systems and artificial neural networks) and research computational infrastructures.

The school has been successfully piloted at ICTP in Trieste in 2016 and 2017.  The vision of the CODATA-RDA Schools of Research Data Science is to develop into an international network which makes it easy for partner organisations and institutions to run the schools in a variety of locations.  The annual event at the ICTP in Trieste will serve as a motor for building the network and building expertise and familiarity with the initiative's mission and objectives.  The core materials are made available for reuse and the co-chairs and Working Group team will provide guidance to assist partners in organising the school, in identifying instructors and helpers etc. The first school to expand this initiative will take place at ICTP-SAIFR (South American Institute of Fundamental Research), Sao Paolo, Brazil in December 2017.

Further information about the CODATA-RDA Schools of Research Data Science.

Short Report on the First CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science, August 2016.

Programme for the First CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science, ICTP, Trieste, August 2016.

Materials from the First CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science, ICTP, Trieste, August 2016.

Programme for the Second CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science, ICTP, Trieste, July 2017.


Sunday, 30 July 2017

New Book | Universities in the National Innovation Systems: Experiences from the Asia-Pacific | edited by V. V. Krishna

Universities in the National Innovation Systems: Experiences from the Asia-Pacific
Edited by V. V. Krishna, Routledge India, 2017, Hardback, 428 pages, ISBN: 9781138213470.

Summary: This volume looks at the role of universities in the National Innovation Systems in economies of the Asia Pacific. It examines the tremendous growth of human and knowledge capital made possible by teaching and research excellence in major universities, along with how universities are being re-positioned as frontiers of innovation in the National Systems of Innovation. The chapters assess the impact of globalisation and innovation together with the emergence of 'new' knowledge sites extended to the Asia Pacific region.
With contributions by experts and academics and key case studies, this book will be useful to scholars and researchers in higher education, development studies, public policy, economics, business and resource management, Asian studies as well as policymakers.

Table of Contents
Foreword by Professor Jennie Lang
1.Introduction: Three Missions of Universities and their Role in National Innovation Systems – Experiences from Asia-Pacific | V V Krishna 
Japan, Australia and New Zealand 
2. Changing University-Industry Links in the Japanese National Innovation System: Towards Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development | Fumi Kitagawa 
3. Globalisation and the future of Australian universities | Sam Garrett-Jones and Tim Turpin 
4. Changing role of research and Innovation in New Zealand Universities | Shantha Liyanage and Antonio Díaz Andrade 
China and India: Emerging Economies 
5. Research and Innovation in Chinese Universities | Weiping Wu 
6. Indian Universities in the National Innovation System | V.V.Krishna and Swapan Kumar Patra 
South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore: Newly Industrializing Economies 
7. University-industry R&D Collaboration in Korea's National Innovation System | Lee, Kong-Rae 
8. University-Industry-Government Linkages: the case of Taiwan Ching-Yan Wu and Mei-Chih Hu 
9. Research and Innovation in Asian Universities: Case study of the National University of Singapore | Seeram Ramakrishna and V V Krishna 
South East Asian Countries: Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam 
10. University-Industry Linkages and Innovation Activities in Malaysia | Rajah Rasiah and Hema Subramonian 
11. Universities in Thailand's National Innovation System: Their Contributions on Industrial and Technological Upgrading | Richard F. Doner, PatarapongIntarakumnerd and Bryan K. Ritchie 
12. Role of universities in the national innovation system of the Philippines | Raymund B. Habaradas 
13. Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia: Access, Innovation and Research | R. Alpha Amirrachman 
14. The Roles of Universities in Vietnam's National Innovation System | Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Nguyen Phuong Mai, Doan Quang Hung and Dao Ngoc Tien 
15. Asia Pacific Universities in National Innovation Systems: Concluding Synthesis | V.V.Krishna

Wednesday, 26 July 2017

ALIS Article | Science in pre-independent India: a scientometric perspective | by S K Patra and Mammo Muchie

Science in Pre-Independent India: A Scientometric Perspective
by Swapan Kumar Patra and Mammo Muchie
Annals of Library and Information Studies, 2017, 64(2), 125-136.
Abstract: Scientific publications and different types of collaboration pattern in pre-independent India are mapped using scientometrics and social network analysis tools. Publication data of Indian authors published before 1947 are downloaded from the Scopus database of Elsevier science. The study traces the literature growth patterns, core journals, productive authors, authorship collaboration patterns, productive institutions and their collaboration patterns. The result shows that maximum literature was published in the year 1936. The growth of publications during the mid-1930s was evident as many scientific institutions were established by that time. The subject-wise maximum activity was observed in chemistry followed by agricultural and biological science. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences was the most preferred journals. Universities played the prominent role in scientific research. Some private institutions with 'nationalistic' enthusiasm, for example, Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institute for Cultivation of Science were very productive institutions and also prominent in institutional collaboration. These institutions started in the colonial period continue to be the pillars of modern science in India.
Keywords: Colonial Science;Scientometrics;India;Social Network Analysis;History of Science

ABDR Article | Role of Innovation System in Development of Biotechnology in South Africa | by S K Patra and Mammo Muchie

Role of Innovation System in Development of Biotechnology in South Africa
Swapan Kumar Patra and Mammo Muchie
Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 2017, 19(1), 3-30.
Abstract: South Africa is among the African countries that have taken initiatives to develop biotechnology industry to meet the persistent challenges of poverty, unemployment and inequality. This study analyse the Biotechnology Innovation System of South Africa using the three building blocks of sectoral system of innovation (SSI). It also benchmarks South African performance with that of other BRICS countries such as Brazil, Russia, India and China. Although the South African biotechnology market is quite small compared to other BRICS countries, its potential to grow is high. The scholarly publication patterns from the Medline database show that the knowledge base in this sector is small compared to other countries. However the South African scholarly papers are highly cited. This shows their relevance at the global level. The patent portfolio is also very small and limited to a few technological categories. The publication and patent portfolios show that university research output is not readily being translated into commercial products. Although there are many examples of university spinoff firms in biotechnology, findings from this study emphasis the need for a stronger university-industry relationship to encourage innovation for entrepreneurial start-ups. 
Keywords: Biotechnology, South Africa, Sectoral System of Innovation, developing countries, Global South


Thursday, 29 June 2017

New Book | Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe | by Shobita Parthasarathy

Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe
by Shobita Parthasarathy, University of Chicago Press, 2017, 304 pages, ISBN: 9780226437859. 

Summary: Over the past thirty years, the world's patent systems have experienced pressure from civil society like never before. From farmers to patient advocates, new voices are arguing that patents impact public health, economic inequality, morality—and democracy. These challenges, to domains that we usually consider technical and legal, may seem surprising. But in Patent Politics, Shobita Parthasarathy argues that patent systems have always been deeply political and social.
To demonstrate this, Parthasarathy takes readers through a particularly fierce and prolonged set of controversies over patents on life forms linked to important advances in biology and agriculture and potentially life-saving medicines. Comparing battles over patents on animals, human embryonic stem cells, human genes, and plants in the United States and Europe, she shows how political culture, ideology, and history shape patent system politics. Clashes over whose voices and which values matter in the patent system, as well as what counts as knowledge and whose expertise is important, look quite different in these two places. And through these debates, the United States and Europe are developing very different approaches to patent and innovation governance. Not just the first comprehensive look at the controversies swirling around biotechnology patents, Patent Politics is also the first in-depth analysis of the political underpinnings and implications of modern patent systems, and provides a timely analysis of how we can reform these systems around the world to maximize the public interest.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Chapter One: Defining the Public Interest in the US and European Patent Systems
Chapter Two: Confronting the Questions of Life-Form Patentability
Chapter Three: Commodification, Animal Dignity, and Patent-System Publics
Chapter Four: Forging New Patent Politics Through the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debates
Chapter Five: Human Genes, Plants, and the Distributive Implications of Patents
Conclusion
Appendix 1: Major Events Related to the US and European Life-Form Patent Controversies
Appendix 2: Methodological Note


Thursday, 1 June 2017

"Awareness Programme on Indian Foreign Policy", Indian Council of World Affairs announces the second edition of ICWA Essay Competition 2017

"Awareness Programme on Indian Foreign Policy"
Indian Council of World Affairs organizes the ICWA Essay Competition  2017 

As part of its 'Awareness Programme on Indian Foreign Policy', Indian Council of World Affairs announces the second edition of ICWA Essay Competition for school students (15-18 years) and undergraduate/ post graduate students (18-25 Years).

Topics: The young writers this year have the opportunity to demonstrate their innovative thinking on the following topic:

Junior Level (15-18 years)
  • a) What India's Foreign Policy means to Young India/ India's Foreign Policy Priorities for the Youth – (1500 words).
Senior Level (18-25 years)
  • b) Conflict, Religion and Foreign Policy (2500 words).

Eligibility Criteria: The participants must be an enrolled student in a School or graduate/post graduate degree program in a College/University from anywhere across India.

Essay Submission Date & Requirements:
  • All Essays (soft copy only) should be sent to essayicwa@gmail.com latest by 30th July 2017.
  • The entries should be submitted along with a certificate from School/Institute/College/University where the participant is currently enrolled.
  • The entries should include a separate cover page carrying the following personal information: 1)Name, 2)Father/Mother Name, 3) Class/Programme, 4) Name and Address of School/College/ University, 5) Residence Address, 6) Mobile & Landline Numbers and 7) Email Address.
Kindly Note: No personal information should be provided on the Essay sheet. The essay can be written in English or Hindi.

Awards:
  • Junior Level: (1st prize – Rs 15000), (2nd prize- Rs 10000) & (3rd prize-Rs 5000)
  • Senior level: ( 1st prize – Rs 25000), (2nd prize- Rs 15000) & (3rd prize-Rs 10000)


Wednesday, 31 May 2017

DeLCON National Workshop on Strengthening Open Access (OA) Initiatives in India | 23rd June | NBRC, Manesar, Gurgaon, India

DeLCON National Workshop on Strengthening Open Access (OA) Initiatives in India 
Date: Friday, 23rd June 2017
Venue: NBRC Auditorium, National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Open Access (OA) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g. access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license restrictions). Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters and monographs. Open Access publications refer to the kind of literature that are freely accessible to everyone and are not bound by price and permission barriers, unlike the scientific literature published via the subscription mode. Although the concept of Open Access publication is not entirely new and has been around for several years, people have begun to realize its importance only recently. The sudden change in perceptions is largely due to the increased and easy internet usage as well as support from government, educational and research institutions, and other funding agencies. Hundreds of leading academic and research sites in over 30 countries marked the week in unique ways, and expressed their support for the advancement of knowledge through free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research. Ever since, Open Access Week has been observed internationally to help raise awareness of the potential benefits of Open Access (OA) for research, and to celebrate milestones in making OA a norm in the conduct of science and scholarship. 
The one-day workshop will focus on the need to create an enabling environment for OA in India, to promote and upscale existing OA initiatives, and to encourage the development of new OA programmes. This can be done by 'closing the circle' or linking multiple stakeholder groups, namely academicians, faculties, scientists, researchers, librarians, archivists, technologists, and policymakers, taking into account their concerns and views and providing a platform for them to advocate for a common cause. The workshop will provide a unique opportunity to academicians, librarians & stakeholders communities to pool their insights, identify and discuss key OA-related issues in the country, and create a roadmap for strengthening OA in India. 

Procedure for Registration: The workshop is open to Working Professionals such as Academicians, Faculties, Scientists Library Professionals, Information Scientists. There is no registration fee. Registration is limited to only 50 participants on "first-cum-first served basis". Registration can be sent by post to given address or by email attachment at delconconsortium@gmail.com in the given prescribed format which is available at DeLCON Website at https://delcon.gov.in For participation, registration is mandatory on confirmation of the participation. An email confirmation will be sent to Registered participants. Only registered participants will be allowed to take part in the Workshop. All the Registered participants will be provided a participation certificate, Workshop Kit, Lunch and tea. No TA/DA will be paid to the Participants for attending this workshop. No accommodation will be arranged for participants by the organizers. However, we will help in arranging Guest House / Hotel accommodation in nearby places. The last date for registration to the Workshop is June 10th 2017. 

Postal Address & Contacts: Dr. D.D. LAL, DeLCON Coordinator & Organizing Secretary, DBT's Electronic Library Consortium (DeLCON), National Brain Research Centre, NBRC, NH-08, Nainwal Mode, Manesar, Gurgaon, Haryana. Pincode : 122050, India, Tel : +91-124-2845229; 2845329; Fax : +91-124-2338909, Email : delconconsortium@gmail.com 

1. The Importance of OA in India: 
Open Access has emerged during the last decade or so as a movement and a business model whose goal is to provide free access and re-use of scientific knowledge in the form of research articles, monographs, data and related materials. Faster and wider sharing of knowledge fuels the advancement of science and, accordingly, the return of health, economic, and social benefits back to the public. By removing the barriers of price and permissions, OA publishing promotes the global flow of knowledge; improves access to 'developed-country research'; creates much-needed visibility for 'developing-country research'; and allows researchers and practitioners to access current knowledge. The idea of open access to scholarly literature is not new to India. India has a large S&T research community and Indian researchers conduct research in a wide variety of areas. India also trains a very large number of scientists and engineers. One might believe that all is well with science and technology in India. But the truth is very different. In terms of the number of papers published in refereed journals, the number of citations per paper, and the number of international awards and recognitions won, India's record is not all that encouraging. India has a vast pool of academic talent and a track record of excellence in disciplines related to science and technology, but this is at odds with the limited endowments that academic libraries receive to support scientific research. Most Indian libraries cannot afford to subscribe to key journals required by researchers and scientists. This is a serious impediment to the acquisition of knowledge, and researchers' own scholarly output is adversely impacted as a result. Another outcome of prohibitive subscription costs is the low visibility of Indian research. Academics in the region exert themselves to publish their work in well-known journals which very few of their peers can access afterwards. This leads to the poor citation of works by Indian researchers, the poor circulation of their research findings, and ultimately very limited awareness about scientific developments in the country. Thus, Indian scientists face two problems, namely, access and visibility. Both these handicaps can be overcome to a considerable extent if open access is adopted widely both within and outside the country.

2. OA Initiatives in India: 
The lack of awareness might still be an issue for Indian researchers, but there have been various nitiatives by Indian institutes, journals and publishers to make research content open. Since 2003, India has been contributing to The Directory of Open Access Journals (which contains free, full-text highquality scientific journals).The Indian Medlars Centre (IMC), has taken the pioneering step of putting Indian biomedical journals accessible on to a single platform. IMC's first bibliographic database IndMed, established in 1998, provides abstract level information from more than 70 journals. The Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy are premier institutes that run vibrant publishing programmes and offer open access to their journals and papers. Bioline International is a notfor-profit collaborative effort of the University of Toronto Libraries, Canada, the Reference Center on Environmental Information, Brazil, and Bioline, UK. Bioline provides access to 14 Indian journals on their primary site as well as archives these journals at the Bioline EPrints Archive. ePrints@IISC is a repository that collects, preserves and disseminates in digital format the works of the research community of the prestigious Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Open J-Gate – a free database of OA journals – currently offers access to more than 4000 OA English language journals from across the world. The work of Medknow Publications, an innovative publisher of OA journals, and that of the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela are also leading Indian contributions to the OA movement. It is important that these initiatives should not operate in isolation, but should form part of a concerted effort and campaign at a national level to promote OA in India. 
In 2012–13, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched a major OA initiative. ICAR has formulated an OA policy stipulating that its member institutes across the country must allow open access to their research and technical publications, books, catalogues, workshop proceedings, case studies, lecture notes and other digital objects. While these institutes will maintain their own OA repositories, ICAR is setting up a central harvester to allow 'one-stop access' to all the scientific and agricultural knowledge generated within the Council. 
Master repositories such as ICAR's, composed of a network of repositories, greatly enhance accessibility, help realize the potential of OA, and strengthen the very purpose of the OA movement in India. But while developing policies and networks at the institutional level is necessary, it is critical to entrench the idea of OA at the level of national policy. A national mandate and policy framework for OA would ensure that OA initiatives cease to operate in isolated clusters, and become part of a coherent, progressive national movement to promote the flow of knowledge.

3. DBT/DST Open Access Policy
The Department of Biotechnology ("DBT") and the Department of Science and Technology ("DST") are constituent departments within the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. An important function of the DBT and DST is to support basic, translational and applied scientific research through the creation of suitable infrastructure, by providing funding to individual scientists, institutions and start-ups, and through any other means deemed necessary. Since all funds disbursed by the DBT and DST are public funds, it is important that the information and knowledge generated through the use of these funds are made publicly available as soon as possible, subject to Indian law and IP policies of respective funding agencies and institutions where the research is performed. The DBT and DST recognize the right of researchers to publish their work in journals of their choice, because researchers are the best judges of where to publish their work. The DBT and DST expect that the recipients of funding will publish their research in high quality, peer-reviewed journals. The DBT and DST affirms the principle that the intrinsic merit of the work, and not the title of the journal in which an author's work is published, should be considered in making future funding decisions. The DBT and DST do not recommend the use of journal impact factors either as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist's contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions. The DBT and DST believe that maximizing the distribution of these publications by providing free online access by depositing them in an institutional repository is the most effective way of ensuring that the research it funds can be accessed, read and built upon. The digital context of the production and dissemination of knowledge makes it especially easy to make all knowledge publicly available. Further, free, open and digital access of scientific research will ensure percolation of cutting edge research at a rapid pace into higher education curricula, thereby raising the standard of technical and scientific education in the country. This in turn, will foster a richer research culture. 

4. OA in India vis-à-vis Global Trends: 
Open Access is of particular importance to the Global South because it provides an unprecedented opportunity for equitable access to essential research information from around the world. So while removing the price barrier is important, the key to Open Access is that it allows researchers and the institutions they work for to regain control of their intellectual labour and capital by disseminating the research they produce in ways that they see fit, and not simply according to the business logic of for-profit publishing houses. This will hopefully result in a more balanced production and dissemination of knowledge from around the world. With free software such as the Open Journal System, and with peer-review being performed without cost as a long-standing tradition, the cost of producing journals is far lower than commercial publishers would have us believe. The Directory of Open Access Journals now list over 8,500 titles from around the world; most do not charge an author fee. These Open Access outlets provide important opportunities for knowledge dissemination while reducing costs substantially for the libraries. Most universities in North America and Europe have set up repositories individually or as consortia, and an increasing number of higher education institutions in the Global South have also set them up to feature their faculty's research output. In addition, many universities have also set up publishing platforms such as the Open Journal Systems and other kinds of open source platforms to allow faculty to engage in Open Access publishing and other kinds of innovative digital scholarship. However, many repositories remain poorly filled because researchers are often not aware of Open Access, or they have misconceptions about it and copyright, or about quality issues associated with it, not realizing that Open Access is compatible with traditional peer review and copyright. Hence more awareness-building efforts are needed to educate researchers about the benefits of Open Access, and the limitations and unsustainability of the traditional system. In addition, a policy should be put in place to encourage researchers to deposit their research articles and materials into the repositories. Many institutions now enact either a voluntary or a mandatory policy requiring their faculty to deposit a copy of their work into the repository. It is also crucial for administrators to be better informed about the detrimental nature of adhering to the narrow use of the journal impact factor as a means of research evaluation. In 2013, the Obama administration declared that all publicly funded research would be made freely available within 12 months of publication. Research councils in the UK have recently begun to make public-funded research open to all. The European Commission is expected to do the same from January 2014. The applicability of these approaches to the Indian context, and their potential benefits, must be seriously considered by stakeholders in the country. In India, Open Access is now a key topic of discussions and engagement at many higher education institutions (including universities and deemed universities) as well as high-level research organisations, such as the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Department of Atomic Energy, the Indian Space Research Organisation, the Defence Research and Development Organisation, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and the Indian Council of Medical Research. The tireless advocacy work of Subbiah Arunachalam [Chennai-based information consultant] has been instrumental in sensitising these key institutions in the Open Access debates. However, a strong national or institutional policy on Open Access is yet to be implemented. At the same time, some key institutions such as the Indian Academy of Sciences have been playing a leadership role in providing Open Access to the journals they publish, and the Indian Institute of Science has one of the longest running institutional repositories with the most content in the country. There are now over 350 Open Access journals being published by various organizations across India, but they cover mostly areas in science and medicine. Social sciences and the humanities are poorly represented. Of the close to 600 higher education institutions across India, fewer than 100 have an existing institutional repository, though many are in the planning stage. 

5. Scope of the proposed National Workshop: 
The DeLCON Consortium & NBRC are organizing a one day DeLCON National Workshop-2017 on Friday, 23rd June 2017 at NBRC Manesar during Open Access Programme. The tentative title of the Workshop is 'Strengthening Open Access Initiatives in India', and it will be held at NBRC, Manesar. The title connotes the need for concerted efforts to create a more enabling environment for OA in the country, to promote and upscale existing OA initiatives, and to encourage the development and launch of new OA programmes which will lead to establishment of a national OA policy. This can be also done by the DBT Institutions through linking multiple stakeholder groups and taking into account their concerns and views – namely researchers, librarians, archivists, publishers, technologists, and policymakers – and providing a platform for them to advocate for a common cause. The Workshop will provide a unique opportunity to stakeholders to pool their insights, identify and discuss key OA-related issues in the country as well as their own Institution, and create a roadmap for strengthening OA in India.

6. Structure of the Workshop: Beginning with a keynote address by a leading expert on open access to scientific research, the national workshop will be structured into two Technical Session. 

7. Objectives of the Workshop: The objectives of the DeLCON National Workshop are to:
  • Build awareness among the stakeholder groups and library & academic communities about the importance of OA to scientific research
  • Enable the exchange of knowledge, experiences and best practices of various organizations in the OA space
  • Contribute towards the creation of a promotional group that will promote OA at National levels of Organizations
  • Evaluate current trends and pitfalls towards the OA landscape in India
  • Progress policy recommendations for the creation of a national mandate to promote OA
  • Encourage collaborations, co-ordinations and partnerships among interested groups
8. Expected Outcomes: As a result of the National Workshop, it is expected that : 
  • OA stakeholder groups such as participating Academician members, Scientists, Faculties, Information Scientists, Nodal officers, working Library communities will appreciate the significance of OA, and will have understood the key trends, issues and challenges pertaining to the development of OA in India;
  • The innovative character and successful operation of leading OA initiatives in India will have been highlighted;
  • The collective efforts and actions behind the OA movement will be understood, and will inspire the next generation of academicians and librarians to become advocates of OA
  • Participating stakeholders will engage in a dialogue about possible partnerships and collaborative ventures
  • A set of recommendations will be developed for the creation of (a) a national OA mandate and policy framework, and (b) a general template for institutional OA policies, repositories and archives. 
9. Target Group: The national workshop will be attended by Working Professionals / Academicians, Library Communities, faculties, scientists, DeLCON Members, Library Professionals, Information Scientists.

DeLCON Consortium
About DeLCON: The 'DBT's Electronic Library Consortium (DeLCON)' is major project of the 'Department of Biotechnology (DBT)' to bring qualitative change in their research Institutions. It was launched in January, 2009 with the 10 DBT member Institutions (including DBT H.Q. & ICGEB) with a large number of high impact online journals. It is a national initiative for providing access to scholarly electronic resources including full-text and bibliographic databases in all the life science subject disciplines to DBT Institutional community. It facilitates access to high quality e-resources to DBT research Institutions in the country to improve teaching, learning and research. The access to all major e-resources was given to 10 DBT Institutions in the beginning of the year 2009. It has now been extended to new 17 more DBT Institutions in 2nd phase of extension in this year 2010 and further 07 members added in the 3rd phase of extension in the Year 2011. The 'DeLCON Consortium' provides current as well as archival access to more than 1171 core and peer-reviewed journals in different disciplines from 21 foreign publishers. The faculties, scientists, research scholars, students and project assistants of Institutions covered under DeLCON are the primary beneficiaries. 
  • About NBRC: National Brain Research Centre is the only institute in India dedicated to neuroscience research and education. Scientists and students of NBRC come from diverse academic backgrounds, including biological, computational, mathematical, physical, engineering and medical sciences, and use multidisciplinary approaches to understand the brain. Located in the foothills of the Aravali range in Manesar, Haryana, NBRC is an autonomous institute funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, and is also a Deemed University established in the year 1999.
  • About ICGEB: The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology provides a scientific and educational environment of the highest standard and conducts innovative research in life sciences for the benefit of developing countries. It strengthens the research capability of its Members through training and funding programmes and advisory services and represents a comprehensive approach to promoting biotechnology internationally. The ICGEB extension laboratory, covering an area of over 3,720 square metres, has been created to decongest the workspace in the existing building. All of the Groups working on malaria, tuberculosis and bioinformatics have shifted to the new wing. The new Group, Synthetic Biology and Biofuel, is also placed here. ICGEB New Delhi component is located within the ICGEB Campus in South Delhi, which comprises an area of 10,000 square meters. It is situated alongside the Jawaharlal Nehru University and the Sanjay Van in a bush forest area and was established in the year 1994. 
  • About NII: The National Institute of Immunology (NII) is an autonomous institution supported by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. The Institute is committed to advanced research addressing the basic mechanisms involved in body's defence, host-pathogen interactions and related areas with a view to contribute to the creation of an internationally competitive intellectual knowledge base as a sustainable source of innovative futuristic modalities of potential use in health care. The mandate "to undertake, aid, promote, guide and coordinate research of high caliber in basic and applied immunology". Keenly conscious of it's role in helping create a scientific base for innovations relevant to development in India, the following research programs coalesced into four thrust areas: Immunity and Infection, Gene Regulation, Molecular Design, and Reproduction and Development. The Institute imparts long term research training leading to a PhD degree of the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and was established in the year 1981.
  • About NIPGR: NIPGR (formerly known as NCPGR) was established in 1998 with mandate to undertake, promote and co-ordinate research, train workers and to serve as information resource in identified aspects of plant genome to build a frontline plant genomics institution. The research programme aims to contribute to the understanding of the structure, expression and function of genes along with arrangement of genes on plant genomes and manipulation of plant genes/ genomes to breed improved varieties of food and industrial crops for high yields and of better quality products. NIPGR was established to contribute in the achievement of such hopes as a part of national effort for meeting the challenges in the midst of fast pace of international genomic research and grasping of opportunities on long-term basis. 
Registration: There is no registration fees for attending the workshop. However, only 50 seats are available. Registration shall be done on first-cum-first served basis. Registration will be closed after confirmation to 50 participants. 

Presentations: Workshop will have only invited lectures & conducted presentations by the Eminent Speakers & Experts.

For any query please contact: Dr. D.D. LAL, (Organizing Secretary): Email : delconconsortium@gmail.com; Tel.: +91-124-2845329.